|+ / - / ?|
|(QW) have / has + S + been + Ving … ?|
INTERROGATIVE (?) — General questions (or "Yes/ No" questions)
Have / Has
INTERROGATIVE (?) — Special questions (or "Wh"-questions)
To make a "Wh" question we usually put a question word (QW) before a construction of "Yes/No" questions:
QW + have / has + S + been + Ving … ?
How long have you beenworking here?
|Yes, S + have / has.||No, S haven't / hasn't.|
|Yes, I have.||No, I haven't.|
|Yes, we have.||No, we haven't.|
|Yes, you have.||No, you haven't.|
|Yes, they have.||No, they haven't.|
|Yes, he has.||No, he hasn't.|
|Yes, she has.||No, she hasn't.|
|Yes, it has.||No, it hasn't.|
In short answers we use pronouns (I, we, you, they, he, she, it).
— Has your mother been working here for ten years?
— Yes, she has. (NOT: Yes, my mother has.)
S — Subject of the sentence. E.g. I, we, you, they, he, she, it, Mary, John, my friends, etc.
Ving — Verb ending in "-ing" (Present Participle). E.g. writing, going, listening, etc.
Revise how to add "ing" to a verb here.
QW — Question word. E.g. what, when, where, why, who, how, etc.