Task 1 (10 points)
Read the text below and choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence.
King of England Edward I had conquered Wales in the second half of the 13th century. The two great Welsh leaders had been killed so the Welsh people had no great leader, but there were several chieftains* - most of whom were jealous of one . The people wanted to be ruled not by an English King, but by a Prince of Wales, born in Wales, of royal blood, and not speaking English or French. They wanted a prince whose life was good, and who had not done anything bad to any man - though they could not agree this prince should be. The people were certainly asking , but Edward, after a little thought, told to ask all the chiefs and their followers to come to Caernarvon Castle  in a week's time where he would give them what they had asked - a Prince of Wales who fulfilled all their wishes.
The next week the great square outside the castle crowded with excited people. Edward stepped from a window onto the balcony in front of the castle. Behind him was a knight carefully carrying Edward's shield his hands. On the shield was a bundle covered with a blanket. The crowd was excited but silent, waiting for Edward to .
Edward: "Leaders and people of Wales, you have asked for a prince and I have promised you one to rule over you, of royal birth. There is prince. (He turns to the knight behind, lifts the blanket, and shows a small baby.) My son, a prince of royal blood, born a week ago, in Wales, in Caernarvon Castle; he speaks no word of English, and has wronged no man alive. Edward, Prince of Wales!"
The chiefs were angry and disappointed, but the Welsh people were pleased. And from that day  eldest son of the King and Queen of England has always been the Prince of Wales.
*a chieftain - the leader or head of a group, especially of a clan or tribe
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