Teorija

Read the information, listen and learn or repeat words and expressions about the USA.
(Lasi, klausies un iemācies vai atkārto dažus vārdus par Amerikas Savienotajām Valstīm!)
  
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  • The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America
the United States of America— [jʊˈnɑɪ·t̬ɪd ˈsteɪts əv .əˈmer.ɪ.kə] — Amerikas Savienotās Valstis
the United States — [jʊˈnɑɪ·t̬ɪd ˈsteɪts] — Savienotās Valstis
the USA — [ˌjuː.esˈeɪ] — ASV
America — [əˈmer.ɪ.kə] — Amerika
  • The flag of the United States of America
The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag or U.S. flag, is the national flag of the United States. It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America, and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain, and became the first states in the U.S.
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the flag of the United States — [ˌflæɡ əv.ðə jʊˈnɑɪ·t̬ɪd ˈsteɪts] — Savienoto Valstu karogs
  • Brief description of the USA
The United States of America (USA) is a country consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 9.8 million km², it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Most of the country is located in central North America between Canada and Mexico. With an estimated population of over 328 million, the U.S. is the third most populous country in the world. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies led to the American Revolutionary War lasting between 1775 and 1783, leading to independence. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War (1861 – 1865) led to the abolition of slavery in the United States.
  • Washington D.C. — the capital of the United States
Washington, D.C. formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several internationals organizations, Washington is an important world political capita. The city,
located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually. The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital.
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Washington DC — [ˈwɑːʃɪŋtən ˌdiːˈsiː] — Vašingtona
  • Language
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng), sometimes called United States English or U.S.English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
American English — [əˌmer.ɪ.kən ˈɪŋ.ɡlɪʃ] — amerikāņu angļu valoda
  • Native Americans
People lived in the United States long before the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the Europeans. These people and cultures are called Native Americans. The first people to live in a land are called indigenous peoples. This means they were the original settlers. The Native Americans are the indigenous peoples and cultures of the United States. Sometimes these peoples are referred to as Indians or American Indians. This is because when Columbus had first landed in America, he thought he had sailed all the way to the country of India. He called the locals Indians and the name stuck for some time. The ancestors of living Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago, possibly much earlier, from Asia via Beringia. The ancient tribes or civilisations were such us,  Aztec, Inca and Maya. The most popular tribes nowadays are Apache, Blackfoot, Cherokee, Cree, Inuit and other.
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Native American — [ˌneɪ.tɪv əˈmer.ɪ.kən] — Amerikas pamatiedzīvotājs, indiānis, indiāniete
American Indian — [əˌmer.ɪ.kən ˈɪn.di.ən] — Amerikas indiānis, indiāniete
  • Other People
People who come from the United States of America named simply as Americans. This term does not show the nationality.
American — [əˈmer.ɪ.kən] — amerikānis, amerikāniete
Atsauce:
https://www.usa.gov/about-the-us
https://www.ducksters.com/history/native_american_tribes_regions.php