We use the verb "be" in Past Simple when we want to
say who somebody was — He was Rob.
say what something was — That was my mobile phone.
say where somebody was from — They were from Ireland.
say how we felt — You were hungry.
say where somebody or something was — I was at school. My book was on the table.
describe somebody or something in past — They were clever. Your jacket was nice.
talk about people's jobs in past — My mother was a teacher.
talk about somebody's age in past — He was fifteen years old in 2015.
talk about somebody's health in past — Ann was ill.
talk about the weather in past — It was cold yesterday.
say that there was something somewhere in past — There were a lot of small shops in our town.
|Full form||Short form|
|I was not||I wasn't|
|we were not||we weren't|
|you were not||you weren't|
|they were not||they weren't|
|he was not||he wasn't|
|she was not||she wasn't|
|it was not||it wasn't|
GENERAL QUESTIONS and SHORT ANSWERS
Was I …?
|Yes, I was.||No, I wasn't.|
|Were we …?||Yes, we were.||No, we weren't.|
|Were you …?||Yes, you were.||No, you weren't.|
|Were they …?||Yes, they were.||No, they weren't.|
|Was he …?||Yes, he was.||No, he wasn't.|
|Was she …?||Yes, she was.||No, she wasn't.|
|Was it …?||Yes, it was.||No, it wasn't.|
In short answers we use pronouns (I, we, you, they, he, she, it)
— Is Maria a teacher?
— No, she isn't.
(Not: No, Mary isn't.)
|(QW)||was / were||S||...||?|
|Where||were||you||two days ago||?|
S — Subject of the sentence
QW — Question word