Study the information about phrasal verbs. Up and down.
1. Put something up (on a wall)
Pick something up
Turn something up
I can’t hear the TV. Can you turn it up a bit?
2. Take something down
Put something down
Turn something down
Why did you cut down this tree in the garden?
3. Knock down a building, blow smth. down, cut something down
Some old houses were knocked down to make way for the new shopping centre.
A man was knocked down by a car and taken to hospital.
4. Down = getting less
Slow down = go more slowly
Calm down = become calmer
Cut down (on something) = eat, drink, do something less often
I am trying to cut down on coffee. I drank far too much of it.
5. Break down = stop working
Close down, shut down = stop doing business
Let somebody down = disappoint somebody because you didn’t do what they hoped
Turn somebody/something down = refuse an application, an offer
Write something down = write something on paper
I can’t remember his email. I wrote it down, but I can’t find it.
There used to be a shop at the end of the street, it closed down a few years ago.
Raymond Murphy. English Grammar in Use- Cambridge: CUP, 379p.