Read the article and answer the questions below.
The five most important things you can do for the environment.
Some of these strategies may seem a little radical, but they are among the most valuable actions you can take to protect and preserve Earth’s environment. Have Fewer Children—or None Overpopulation is arguably the world’s most serious environmental problem, because it exacerbates all of the others. The global population grew from 3 billion in 1959 to 6 billion in 1999, an increase of 100 percent in just 40 years. In addition to keeping your own family small, consider supporting programs that fight hunger and poverty, improve sanitation and hygiene, or promote family planning and reproductive health in developing nations. Use Less Water—and Keep It Clean Fresh, clean water is essential to life—no one can live long without it—yet it is one of the scarcest and most endangered resources on our increasingly fragile planet. Use only as much water as you need, don’t waste the water you do use, and avoid doing anything to taint or endanger water supplies. Eat Responsibly Eating locally grown food supports local farmers and merchants in your own community as well as reducing the amount of fuel, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions required to move the food you eat from the farm to your table. Eating organic meat and produce keeps pesticides and chemical fertilizers off your plate and out of rivers and streams. Conserve Energy—and Switch to Renewable Energy Walk, bike and use public transportation more. Drive less. Not only will you be healthier and help to preserve precious energy resources, you’ll also save money. Whenever possible, choose renewable energy over fossil fuels. Reduce Your Carbon Footprint Online calculators can help you measure and reduce your personal carbon footprint. In addition to lowering your own carbon footprint, let your government officials know that you expect them to take action on this issue—and keep the pressure on until they do.
Choose true or false:
1. The global population doubled in just 40 years.
2. Eating locally grown food reduces the negative impact on environment caused by transportation of food from the farm to the consumer.
3. Informing your local government officers about your views on the carbon emissions only once is enough.