Task 2 (10 points)
Fill each of the numbered gaps in the following passage with the most appropriate word from the wordbank. Write the appropriate letter in the gap. Use only one letter in each space. An example (0) has been given. Note that there are more words than gaps.
Human beings have become a species of sitters, from their car or subway seat, to their desk and back home again to (0) I to the couch. Sitting accounts for at least 60% of people’s waking hours. Prolonged periods spent sitting and being physically inactive (1) the risk of serious illness, making it one of the greatest burdens of the working population.
A panel of international experts from Public Health England recently (2) up with a UK community interest company to stop the sedentary lifestyle by publishing new recommendations for the everyday desk job. The panel concludes that people spend from 65% to 75% of their workday sitting, and half of the time they do not even get out of their chair. For the (3) office worker that means, they are sitting for about three hours straight in the same bent (4) .
Previous research indicates these are not new (5) , but rather a worsening problem that has been gaining momentum over the years. Compared to past (6) , humans are spending more and more time in (7) that allow limited physical activity and require prolonged sitting, (8) to a 2010 study. In 1970, two in every 10 working Americans had desk jobs. Fast forward more than 30 years to 2003, and nearly six in every 10 workers sit at a computer at work. The (9) is clearly emerging that a first step could be simply to get people standing and moving more (10) as part of their working day.