Teorija

Study about making plurals forms of nouns!
(Mācies par lietvārdu daudzskaitļa veidošanu!)
  
Svarīgi!
Lietvārda daudzskaitli angļu valodā parasti veido, pievienojot galotni -s vai -es.
 
galotne -s galotne -es
ja vārds beidzas
ar līdzskani
clock
desk
clocks
desks
ja vārds beidzas ar:
-s
-ch
-sh
-ss
-x
bus
torch
brush
glass
fox
buses
torches
brushes
glasses
foxes
ja vārds beidzas
ar patskani
game
rose
games
roses
ja vārds beidzas ar -o tomato
potato
tomatoes
potatoes
izņēmums: photo
piano
radio
kilo
video
disco
photos
pianos
radios
kilos
videos
discos
ja vārds beidzas
ar patskani un y
boy
day
boys
days
ja vārds beidzas
ar līdzskani un y
baby
city
babies
cities
ja vārds beidzas
ar -f vai -fe
wolf
wife
wolves
wives
izņēmums: roof
chief
roofs
chiefs
Lietvārdiem, kas vienskaitlī beidzas ar līdzskani, daudzskaitlī pievieno galotni -s:
 
Asset 5fun.png
Asset 5fun.pngAsset 5fun.png
a desk
two desks
carl_b.png
carl_b.pngcarl_b.png
a car
two cars
bal_o.png
bal_o.pngbal_o.png
a ball
two balls
 
Lietvārdiem, kas vienskaitlī beidzas ar patskani, pievieno galotni -s:
 
board_game.jpg
games.jpg
a game
four games
tree2.png
trees.png
a tree
three trees
 
Lietvārdiem, kas vienskaitlī beidzas ar -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, pievieno galotni -es:
 
bus.jpg
buses.jpg
a bus
two buses
Asset 73.svg
Asset 73.svgAsset 73.svg
a dress
two dresses
brush.jpg
brushes.jpg
a brush
four brushes
watch1.jpg
watch1.jpgwatch1.jpg
a watch
two watches
fox2.png
fox2.pngfox2.png
a fox
two foxes
 
Lietvārdiem, kas beidzas ar -y:
  1. ja -y priekšā ir patskanis, daudzskaitlī pievieno -s:
    boy2.jpg
    boys_1.jpg
    a boy
    three boys
     
  2. ja -y priekšā ir līdzskanis, daudzskaitlī -y maina par -i un pievieno -es:
    baby.svg
    baby.svgbaby.svg
    a baby
    two babies
    family.svg
    family.svgfamily.svg
    a family
    two families
 
Lietvārdiem, kas beidzas ar -f vai -fe, daudzskaitlī -f maina par -v un pievieno -es:
 
knife.png
knives.png
a knife
two knives
leaf.jpg
leaves.jpg
a leaf
two leaves
 
Bet: a roof - roofs, a chief - chiefs
 
 
Lietvārdiem, kas beidzas ar -o, daudzskaitlī pievieno -es:
 
potato_chips.jpg
potatoes1.jpg
a potato
three potatoes
tomato.png
tomato.pngtomato.png
a tomato
two tomatoes

Bet: a photo - photos, a piano - pianos, a radio - radios, a video - videos, a disco - discos
 
Atsauce:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THDt2805hIA
Buks K., Rusmane E. Īsa rokasgrāmata angļu valodas gramatikā, 1996, Rīga, Zvaigzne ABC, 6.-8.lpp
https://www.smythstoys.com/ie/en-ie/toys/games-puzzles-and-books/family-board-games/the-logo-board-game/p/103499
http://www.thewordfinder.com/blog/bars-with-board-games-in-chicago/
https://pixabay.com/en/tree-forest-trunk-nature-leaves-576847/
http://www.texample.net/tikz/examples/tree-pic/
https://pxhere.com/en/photo/815280
https://www.maxpixel.net/Model-Aec-Collect-Bedford-Buses-Models-Oldtimer-1205001
https://pixnio.com/objects/tools/makeup-brush-brown-tool-hand-tool
https://pixabay.com/en/makeup-brush-brush-cosmetics-makeup-1746322/
https://pixabay.com/en/rolex-watch-time-luxury-swiss-2171960/
https://pixabay.com/en/white-orange-fox-walking-tail-fur-46413/
https://pixabay.com/en/boy-portrait-people-happy-person-992080/
http://maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/Tree-Together-Friendship-Boys-Friends-Young-Pupil-1732884
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Knife.svg
https://pixabay.com/en/knife-pocket-knife-jackknife-3006931/
https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=359&picture=maple-leaf
https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=59189&picture=maple-leaves
https://www.pexels.com/photo/brown-potato-in-front-of-french-fries-162971/
http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=8795&
https://pixabay.com/en/tomato-vegetable-food-tomatoes-red-2331842/